The main goal of the SWAP project is that of designing, implementing and ultimately testing a new breed of wireless sensor nodes with energy scavenging capabilities. Our design will include novel energy scavenging hardware as well as network protocols and algorithms. In this paper, we summarize the outcomes of the first year of the project as well as the way forward to the further phases. In particular, we analyze the state of the art in the main research areas: energy efficient communication protocol design, ultra-low-power hardware design and most advanced harvesting techniques. For what concerns the future phases of the project we elaborate on the adoption of statistical predictive models for the energy description, we account for game theoretic approaches for distributed optimization and we apply our considerations on the most modern standards for wireless sensor networks communication. We review the state of the art on hardware components, to provide a shortlist of the most efficient building blocks of the SWAP platforms as well as a draft version of the schematics of the module. Finally, we provide a brief overview on the latest energy harvester for miniature scale devices and we argue on the feasibility of a hybrid solar-electromagnetic harvesting module.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 251557